In 1529, Gerald James FitzGerald, the 11th Earl of Desmond proffered fealty to Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. In doing so, he entered into a league with most of Catholic Europe against England. As a reward, the Emperor commissioned his chaplain to visit Dingle. The chaplain wrote to the King “The Earl himself is from thirty to forty years old, and is rather above the middle height. He keeps better justice throughout his dominions than other chiefs in Ireland. Robbers and homicides find no mercy and are executed out of hand. His people are in high order and discipline.”
At the Church of St. James the Earl and Don Gonzalez Fernandez, Ambassador Plenipotentiary of the Holy Roman Emperor of the German Nation and King of Spain, Charles V & I signed the Treaty of Dingle. The Treaty was a founding piece of Common European legislature, giving rise to a series of entente, alliances and subsequent treaties which formed the basis of a common European ideal, culminating in the formation of a European Union, where common laws and protocols are adhered to by member states.